Inside the Collection

Discovery of 400 World War One Photographic Portraits

studio portrait of four WW1 soldiers
85/1286-1005 Photographic negative, studio portrait of four soldiers, A Wedmore [Driver], G W Ralston, W C Potts, World War One Gunners, 21 Howitzer Brigade, and one unidentified man, glass / silver / gelatin, owned by Tyrrell’s bookstore, Sydney, 1916-1918
Sometimes museum work can take a long time to bear fruit and this collection of World War One portraits is a case-in-point. For most of the twentieth century they were buried within the huge collection acquired by James Tyrrell, the Sydney bookstore owner. Presumably he had acquired them in the 1920s and 1930s, either as part of one of the commercial studio collection’s built up by Charles Kerry and Henry King, or separately at one of the many auction’s he must have attended.

Unfortunately for these World War One photographs none of them had the clear studio marks found on many of the others from the King and Kerry studios. This means they were kept separate and were jumbled in with thousands of other unattributed negatives. Even when the entire collection changed hands from Tyrrell to the Consolidated Press these portraits remained undocumented within the rest of the collection.

In 1981 Consolidated Press generously donated the collection to the Powerhouse Museum and since then they have been digitised and gone on to become one of their best known collections. However another change of location did little to help this particular group of photographs on their path to discovery. Unlike the 5000 which had Kerry or King Studio captions the World War One portraits were part of a large and unwieldy group of around 3000 photographs which we think Tyrrell may have acquired from other sources over a broader time period.

Over the next twenty years or so the Powerhouse carefully renumbered, and stored all the negatives and completed cataloging of the Kerry and King negatives. But it was not until 2008, while I was working on writing up the histories of the Kerry and King collections, that I came across this other large group of negatives, neatly laid out in their storage drawers, but still uncatalogued.

Being curious I made a quick check through a random sample, just to be sure they were not images by Kerry or King.

Four years later the museum began looking at Centenary projects for World War One to be scheduled through 2014 and 2015. During one of these conversations I remembered having briefly seen the World War One portraits and I confidently announced there may be 20 or 30 that were unpublished in the Tyrrell collection.

Studio portrait of J H Beck, World War One Gunner,
85/1286-970 Photographic negative, studio portrait of J H Beck, World War One Gunner, 9 Field Artillery Brigade and 1 to 8 Reinforcements, glass / silver / gelatin, owned by Tyrrell’s bookstore, Sydney, 1916-1918

This seemed to offer some wonderful opportunities, especially because I remembered some appeared to have the name of the soldier etched onto the edge of the glass plate. So I returned to the basement to perform a full check and get the actual number of plates. As I worked through the storage drawer I was amazed to find more and more of these portraits, all carefully bound in acid-free sleeves, row-after-row of them! By the time I finished there were 404 unpublished portraits with many of them bearing the name of the sitter.

In many ways when you work in a museum, particularly one with amazing collections like those in the Powerhouse Museum, you tend to get on with work even in the face of the most incredible discoveries. In this case I knew the find was important but it wasn’t until I was searching the embarkation records to find the names scrawled across the top of the plate that it dawned on me how significant this was.

Studio portrait of A W Yeo, World War One Gunner

85/1286-974 Photographic negative, studio portrait of A W Yeo, World War One Gunner, 9 Field Artillery Brigade and 1 to 8 Reinforcements, glass / silver / gelatin, owned by Tyrrell’s bookstore, Sydney, 1914-1918For the first time, since they were photographed the Museum would be able to make available the images of 400 New South Wales soldier’s who had served in that horrendous conflict. Even better identifying the names meant we could provide families, perhaps for the first time, with photographs of their relatives.

As I was working through the negatives it also became apparent that they appeared to have been taken by a limited number of photographic studios, but unfortunately there were no studio marks to help. While some studio backdrops were different they were on the whole the same generic kind brought be any number of early twentieth century photographic studios. There was one clue however. On the top right hand corner of many of the negatives the word “Warren’ was repeated. At first I thought it may have been the name of a studio but eventually decided it was a reference to the sitter not the studio.

Outdoor portrait of ten World War One soldiers

85/1286-994 Photographic negative, outdoor portrait of ten World War One soldiers, in front of tents with mess kits, Sydney [attrib.], glass / silver / gelatin, owned by Tyrrell’s bookstore, Sydney, 1914-1918After a bit of thought I remembered that there was a huge Gothic mansion complete with its own 130-acre (53-hectare) estate named ‘The Warren’ and this had been built by the wool baron Thomas Holt in the Sydney suburb of Marrickville. A quick Google search revealed that ‘The Warren’ had in fact been used as an artillery training camp during World War One.

This seemed to dovetail perfectly with another curious fact I had been noticing as I searched the embarkation records. Many of the soldiers in the portraits were listed as being Gunners from the 22nd Howitzer Brigade and the 1st, 7th, 9th and the 11th Field Artillery Brigade. So it seems the photographs were all taken in Sydney, maybe at a studio near the Warren (although this is just speculation), and most seem to relate to soldiers who embarked from Sydney around 1916.

While the research makes it clear more needs to be done, it’s been a better than average start. There are still many more photos to identify but in the near future the museum is hoping to begin an on-line project which will ask the community to help us fit names to the faces of these men who served for Australia in World War One.

Geoff Barker, 2013

18 responses to “Discovery of 400 World War One Photographic Portraits

  • This is a wonderful and important find. Not only in terms of military and family history, but also about the Tyrrell collection.

    I look forward to any future online project.

    Perhaps one way to eventually identify the studio(s) is to match up any of these images to Roll of Honour photographs held by the Australian War Memorial. These photographs are often donated by families or copied from those held by families. ref.

    Hopefully one of the donated/copied photographic prints which can be matched back to will yield a studio mark.

    The State Library of NSW also holds a collection of NSW servicemen’s photographic portraits which were copied by Crown Studios in 1918- 1919, mostly of 1600 NSW enlistees in 1918. I don’t know how late in the war the ones held by the PHM run, but again there may be an avenue to match up there with the SLNSW collection.

    From what I have seen of Australian soldier [photographic portraits of the First World War it is relatively rare to have the original negatives. Therefore the quality of prints and online images you may be able to provide from the Tyrrell plates will likely be superior to any existing prints those held by families.

    • Thanks Bob, they are indeed a remarkable find and we will be using them in our commemoration of the centenary of WW1 and this public access will hopefully enable further identification.
      Anni (ed)

  • It may also be fortuitous to contact the war memorial and work in conjunction with their ww1 specialist especially seeing the success they had with the lost boys project…

    • Yes I believe Geoff was in touch with them and we will in future identification. Anni (ed)

  • Dear Geoff,
    I believe I can identify one of the soldiers in these photographs. Unfortunately, I can’t seem to find the collection online the Powerhouse site, but I came across the photo here:
    The photo to which I refer is listed as 121 WWWI camp scene MACD27 (second row, middle photo). The soldier I think I recognise is standing back row, far right. I believe he is Gunner, Percy Norman Lather, of the 9th FAB, from Qld, who was indeed camped at The Warren in 1916. Here is another portrait of him:$N/1339363
    I have in my possession, many letters written to my maternal grandmother written by him during the war. Sadly he was killed in action on 29 Sept, 1918. I am writing a book about their relationship and a social and cultural history of Brisbane and the Gold Coast at that time. Any more information you can offer would be greatly appreciated, and I am happy to assist any any way I can.
    Kind regards,
    Annita Boyd.

    • Hello Annita,
      Thanks for your comments. Geoff has left the Museum but the curator currently putting our WW1 exhibition will be in touch with you via email soon.
      All the best,

  • Please forgive me if I have made a mistake. Perhaps this photograph belongs to the Gosford Library only, and is not or never was part of the Tyrrell Collection?

    • Thank you, yes. I have located the photograph at the Gosford library and it is indeed the soldier I thought it was.

  • Hi Geoff, How do we view these 400 photos, as were compiling a story on charles william RYAN number 3156,who was in the 33rd battalion in france, maybe theirs a photo of him ? hope you can help us, regards mike ryan.

  • The unknown soldier 112 could be my great uncle Michael Robert Boland. He served in the same unit as his brother whom I have a portrait of and it appears is from the same studio. Dr Ian Hoskins, historian at North Sydney council library has a tramways portrait with these two brothers. I have seen it and think there is a possibility that the two are the same photo of M R Boland.

  • I have a copy of the enlistment photograph of my grandfather – Cyril Kenneth Lee, joined the Waratah March in Berry NSW 1.12.15.
    Do you have a pic of him?
    would you like a copy of the pic I have?
    kind regards, Robyn

    • Hello Robyn,
      Thank you for reading our blog and for contacting us about your grandfather. The curator responsible for this research area will write to you directly!

  • Love the photos private James Gallagher was in the 9th field battery 34 division is there a photo of James

  • Hi. I Was also unable to access the Power House collection of photos of Ww1 Australian soldiers. I am looking for a photo of my grandfather, Harold Ernest Galbraith. He was in the 7th light horse, 21 to 35 reinforcements. There was a photo but it has disappeared. No joy at National Archives. Any assistance would be greatly appreciated.

    • Hi Julianne,
      Thanks for getting in touch. It’s really interesting to hear about your research. You mention that there was a photo but that you’re no longer able to find it. Do you recall if this was in the Powerhouse collection, or elsewhere? There are reasons (e.g. copyright) why a photo or other object might have been published on our website previously, but have been taken down. However, I have searched our full collection database and couldn’t find any references to your grandfather’s name (full name or just surname), so I’m wondering whether the photo you mention might have been in a different institution’s collection. If you believe it was in our collection and would like further assistance, could you please email: and your enquiry will be directed to the appropriate curator for investigation and response. In the meantime, I hope that helps!
      Kind regards,
      Sarah Reeves – Powerhouse

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